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Making of Modern Ukraine 13
War, Republic, Revolutions
This lecture treats the attempts to establish a Ukrainian state at the end of the First World War, under the shadow of the Russian revolution.
Plokhy, Gates of Europe, chapters 18, 19
Orest Subtelny, Ukraine: A History, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, chapters 18, 19.
Rudnyts'kyi, "The Ukrainian National Movement on the Eve of the First World War"
Rudnyts'kyi, "The Fourth Universal and its Ideological Antecedents"
Terms and Dates
1648, 1654, 1667, left bank and Kyiv
1772, 1793, 1795 right bank
1861 end of serfdom
"Donbas" = Donetsk basin 1870s boom
John Hughes Iuzivka Donetsk Stalino Donetsk
Kryvyi Rih, 1880s boom, iron, Zelens'kyi
Internal tariffs, prices of Russian finished goods high
Katerynoslav Dnipropetrovsk Dnipro
Pale of Settlement (old Commonwealth)
1526 Mohács, Władysław Jagiellończyk, Louis Jagiellończyk
1772 first partition of Poland, Galizien, Galicia, Halychyna
1596 Union of Brest, Uniate, Greek Catholic
Andrei Sheptyts'kyi 1865-1944
Balkan Wars 1912-1913
28 June 1914 Francis Ferdinand in Sarajevo
28 July 1914 Austria declares war.
Woodrow Wilson, Fourteen Points
February 1918 Brest-Litovsk and Ukrain
General assumption after February 1917: some kind of federalization
Ukrainian National Council (Rada), Opened 17 March 1917; Third Universal 22 November 1917 -- autonomy; Fourth Universal, declaration of independence, 25 January 1918
Directory, Symon Petliura
June 1919 White Armies from the Don, Petliura from the west, Bolsheviks defeated
July 1919 remnants of West Ukrainian Army crosses Zbruch
30 August 1919 Galicians enter Kyiv, yield to Whites
December 1919 Third Bolshevik invasion of Ukraine
April 1920 Polish-Ukrainian alliance, May 1920 take Kyiv, August 1920 Warsaw
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